When you look at a financially stable person, you often wonder, “how do they do that”? What differentiates a financially stable and unstable person is their respective investment portfolios.
Today, if you are young and reading this, consider it to be your lucky day. Investing young and building an investment portfolio can take you places. If you know the power of compounding, you will realize how important investing is.
So, where do we begin?
Planning your investment portfolio is not easy. It is quite challenging, even more if you are not good with your personal finance. First of all, managing your portfolios is not simply about, “which stocks to buy”, and “which stocks to sell”. Portfolio management requires self discipline, patience, and a bit of knowledge about the companies you wish to invest in.
I’m not going to talk about the stocks to buy today, instead I will talk about how to build your portfolio and stand out!
Risk taking ability
The first question you must answer before investing and building your portfolio is, what is your risk taking appetite. The stock market today is like a restaurant which offers you variety of food to choose from.
You need to understand that some might have higher risks,but at the same time has the potential to give higher returns.
Similarly, there are shares that come with lesser risks, but the returns could be comparatively lesser. It is up to you to decide your appetite and hand pick the right stocks.
Another important step that you need to take, while deciding your risk taking appetite is to decide your short, medium and long term goals. This will help you construct your portfolio in a better way.
If your appetite for risks is extremely low, you could simply invest in mutual funds which is a much safer option. There are various types of mutual funds in India, starting from equity funds, debt funds, index funds, etc.
Assessing the external financial situation
The next step is crucial- to come up with an investment strategy. By assessing the economic situation of the market, you will be able to predict about the future. This assessment combined with your needs could help you plan for the future.
Since, the market landscape is bound to change with time, it is important that you always keep an eye on it and adjust your portfolio accordingly to reduce losses and maximize gains.
Build your portfolio
Now to the final step. Once you have done your analysis, you can finally start building your portfolio by allocating the necessary asset classes and securities. You can always hire a portfolio manager for expert suggestions. It is important to understand that the whole objective is to minimize the risks and attain your investment goals.
You should not see your investments as a source of long term income. Instead, look at it as a business which could help you make money without actually participating in any business. Once you look at it through a business’ perspective you will realize the impact it could have on your wealth and the benefits that are meant to follow.
Once you have built your investment portfolio, you can relax and continue to keep an eye on the market. Make the appropriate changes as per the market scenario and stick to the strategy.
All the steps we saw are part of a cycle, therefore an investor must ensure that he keeps going about the same steps during suitable intervals. This will ensure that your portfolio is stable and your graph is moving towards your goals.
The world could be a much better place if everyone was financially literate and focused on making their money work for them instead of working for money.
When it comes to the stock market, the potential is endless. BSE Institute Limited’s Executive Program in Wealth Management is a course built for you to exploit the potential of the stock market and multiply your portfolio. This is your chance to learn something incredibly important and secure your future.